Generalizing Refinement Operators to Learn Prenex Conjunctive Normal Forms
25 Pages Posted: 18 Jul 2006
Date Written: 16 2000, 11
Inductive Logic Programming considers almost exclusively universally quantied theories. To add expressiveness, prenex conjunctive normal forms (PCNF) with existential variables should also be considered. ILP mostly uses learning with refinement operators. To extend refinement operators to PCNF, we should first do so with substitutions. However, applying a classic substitution to a PCNF with existential variables, one often obtains a generalization rather than a specialization. In this article we define substitutions that specialize a given PCNF and a weakly complete downward refinement operator. Moreover, we analyze the complexities of this operator in different types of languages and search spaces. In this way we lay a foundation for learning systems on PCNF. Based on this operator, we have implemented a simple learning system PCL on some type of PCNF.
Keywords: PCNF, substitutions, refinement, learning, completeness
JEL Classification: M, M11, R4, C61
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation