Corruption, Terrorism and the Stock Market: The Evidence from Iraq
ASAAD, Z. A., & MARANE, B. M. (2020). Corruption, Terrorism and the Stock Market: The Evidence from Iraq. The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business (JAFEB), 7(10), 629-639.
12 Pages Posted: 3 Dec 2020
Date Written: October 10, 2020
The current study explains how corruption, terrorism, political stability and oil price has an effect on on the Iraq stock exchange utilizing corruption perception index as a proxy of corruption, global terrorism index as proxy for terrorism, political stability and oil price with ISX60 index as proxy of stock market for the period (2005-2019) using Ordinary Least Square method. The results show that the level of corruption, terrorism activities and political stability coefficient is significantly positive with Iraq stock exchange. In contrast, the oil price coefficient is significantly negative with Iraq stock exchange, which means that lower levels of corruption, less terrorism activities and more stability in political system have strong influence on stock market development in Iraq. The study concludes that the explanatory variables are important for Iraq stock exchange. Hence, the study suggests the policy makers to develop stock market by implementing policies and strategies to overcome high level of corruption, terrorism activities especially after ISIS/ISIL announcement has been made public. There is a need for transparency and creating stable political environment through good governance practices in order to attract more foreign investment and promote economic development. Factors like terrorism and corruption make economic and political systems unstable and has an adverse effect on on Iraq’s stock exchange performance.
Keywords: Iraq Stock Exchange, Corruption, Terrorism, Political Stability, Oil Price
JEL Classification: D53, D73, P48, G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation