One and Two Way Packaging in the Dairy Sector

18 Pages Posted: 23 Feb 2003

See all articles by Jacqueline M. Bloemhof-Ruwaard

Jacqueline M. Bloemhof-Ruwaard

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Department of Technology and Operations Management; Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM); Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Rotterdam School of Management (RSM)

J.A.E.E. van Nunen

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Rotterdam School of Management (RSM); Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

Jurriaan Vroom

Logistics Center of Expertise

Ad van der Linden

Logistics Center of Expertise

Annemarie Kraal

Logistics Center of Expertise

Date Written: November 1, 2001

Abstract

Choosing packaging material for dairy products and soft drinks is an interesting issue at the moment. Discussions arise on the costs impacts and environmental impacts of both one way packaging and reusable packaging. The aim of this article is to develop an evaluation tool providing costs and environmental impacts of the PC-bottle and the GT-packs in the dairy sector, considering forward and return flows. The evaluation tool enables the user to analyse the costs and environmental impacts of a supply chain with and without return flows using scenario analyses with respect to the use of various carrier types and the number of return loops. It appears that costs differences between PC-bottles and GT-pack are quite small. The PC bottle has a better environmental profile than the GT-pack. Scenario analysis on the carriers results in the advice to use preferably roll-in-containers with direct delivery, secondly roll-in-containers with delivery via distribution centers, thirdly in case of direct delivery either cartons or crates and cartons in case of delivery via distribution centers.

Keywords: reverse logistics, life cycle assessment, environment, pricing, supply chain management

JEL Classification: M, M11, R4, R49

Suggested Citation

Bloemhof-Ruwaard, Jacqueline M. and van Nunen, Jo and Vroom, Jurriaan and van der Linden, Ad and Kraal, Annemarie, One and Two Way Packaging in the Dairy Sector (November 1, 2001). ERIM Report Series Reference No. ERS-2001-58-LIS. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=370916

Jacqueline M. Bloemhof-Ruwaard (Contact Author)

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Department of Technology and Operations Management ( email )

RSM Erasmus University
PO Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Rotterdam School of Management (RSM) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
Room T08-21
3000 DR Rotterdam, 3000 DR
Netherlands

Jo Van Nunen

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Rotterdam School of Management (RSM) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
Room T08-21
3000 DR Rotterdam, 3000 DR
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://people.fbk.eur.nl/jnunen/personal/

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

Jurriaan Vroom

Logistics Center of Expertise

Campina Melkunie
B.V., Woerden
Netherlands

Ad Van der Linden

Logistics Center of Expertise

Campina Melkunie
B.V., Woerden
Netherlands

Annemarie Kraal

Logistics Center of Expertise

Campina Melkunie
B.V., Woerden
Netherlands

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