Investigating the Relationship Between the Life Cycle of Electromagnetic Waves, Quantum Redshift, Quantum Flux, and Luminosity

10 Pages Posted: 27 Nov 2020

See all articles by Bahram Kalhor

Bahram Kalhor

Islamic Azad University (IAU) - Karaj Branch

Farzaneh Mehrparvar

Islamic Azad University (IAU) - Karaj Branch

Behnam Kalhor

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: September 20, 2020

Abstract

The redshift, luminosity, and flux are important tools for investigating stars and galaxies. The reason for the shift in spectral lines and decreasing the frequency have been discussed in the last centuries. However, the Doppler effect, gravitational redshift, and expanding space cannot describe the universe. Quantum redshift is a new theory to describe decreasing the frequency of the electromagnetic waves in the distance travels. Here we explain the life cycle of the electromagnetic waves. Also, we introduce a relationship between the quantum redshift of the three points when the distance of one object is equal to the summation of the distances of the other objects. We obtain a novel equation between the flux and the redshift. Our results show that the real distances of the objects are less than the distances in the accelerated expansion space theory. We can use the quantum redshift for investigating cosmic microwave background (CMB), Big bang, and predicting the age and size of the universe.

Keywords: Quantum redshift, Quantum of the mass

Suggested Citation

Kalhor, Bahram and Mehrparvar, Farzaneh and Kalhor, Behnam, Investigating the Relationship Between the Life Cycle of Electromagnetic Waves, Quantum Redshift, Quantum Flux, and Luminosity (September 20, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3709519 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3709519

Bahram Kalhor (Contact Author)

Islamic Azad University (IAU) - Karaj Branch ( email )

Iran

Farzaneh Mehrparvar

Islamic Azad University (IAU) - Karaj Branch ( email )

Iran

Behnam Kalhor

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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