Do Corporate Income Tax Cuts Decrease Labor Share? Regression Discontinuity Evidence from China
42 Pages Posted: 19 Nov 2020 Last revised: 2 Jan 2021
Date Written: November 12, 2017
Recent years have seen a sustained decline in the labor share around the world. This paper studies this trend by focusing on the effect of corporate income taxes on firm-level labor shares. From 2010 to 2013, the Chinese central government cut the corporate income tax rate in 21 cities for service firms whose revenue from outsourcing services offshore surpassed half of their total revenue. Leveraging a regression discontinuity design with proprietary administrative data, we find that a one percentage point decrease in the statutory corporate income tax rate induces a one percentage point decrease in the firm-level labor share. Firms respond to the tax cut by increasing their physical capital and bank borrowing while keeping their employment unchanged, consistent with a capital deepening process documented in recent theoretical models. Our results suggest that falling corporate income taxes could have contributed to the global decline in the labor share.
Keywords: Corporate Income Tax Cut, Offshore Service Outsourcing Firms, Regression Discontinuity Design, Capital Deepening
JEL Classification: H22, H25, H32, J31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation