How Loose, How Tight? A Measure of Monetary and Fiscal Stance for the Euro Area
83 Pages Posted: 13 Oct 2020
Date Written: September 29, 2020
This paper builds a model-based dynamic monetary and fiscal conditions index (DMFCI) and uses it to examine the evolution of the joint monetary and fiscal policy stance in the euro area (EA) and its three largest member countries over the period 2007-2018. The index is based on the relative impacts of monetary and fiscal policy on demand using actual and simulated data from rich estimated models also featuring financial intermediaries and long-term government debt. The analysis highlights the short-lived fiscal expansion in the aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis, followed by a quick tightening, with monetary policy left as the 'only game in town' after 2013. Individual countries' DMFCIs show that national policy stances did not always mirror the evolution of the aggregate stance at EA level, due to the different fiscal stances.
Keywords: policy stance, euro area, monetary policy, fiscal policy
JEL Classification: E4, E5, E6
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