Liquidity Support and Distress Resilience in Bank-Affiliated Mutual Funds
38 Pages Posted: 14 Oct 2020
Date Written: October 13, 2020
We study whether the stability of mutual funds and the propensity of a run among investors depend on the ownership structure. Flows of funds run by banks or by firms that belong to the same financial group as a bank are less volatile and less sensitive to bad past performance. This enables bank-affiliated funds to better weather distress and to hold lower precautionary cash buffers in comparison with their unaffiliated peers. Banks provide liquidity support to distressed affiliated funds increasing their stakes in funds that are experiencing large outflows. We find that liquidity support and other benefits of bank affiliation are stronger if the parent bank is more liquid and better capitalised. Analyzing the aftermath of two exogenous shocks to financial markets -- the Brexit referendum and political uncertainty in Italy -- we show that distress in the banking system spills over to the mutual fund sector via ownership links.
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