Integrating Closed-Loop Supply Chains and Spare Parts Management at Ibm
19 Pages Posted: 18 Jan 2003
Date Written: 25 2002, 11
Ever more companies are recognizing the benefits of closed-loop supplychains that integrate product returns into business operations. IBMhas been among the pioneers seeking to unlock the value dormant inthese resources. We report on a project exploiting product returns asa source of spare parts. Key decisions include the choice of recoveryopportunities to use, the channel design, and the coordination ofalternative supply sources. We developed an analytic inventory controlmodel and a simulation model to address these issues. Our results showthat procurement cost savings largely outweigh reverse logistics costsand that information management is key to an efficient solution. Ourrecommendations provide a basis for significantly expanding the usageof the novel parts supply source, which allows for cutting procurementcosts.
Keywords: supply chain management, product recovery, reverse logistics, service management, inventory management
JEL Classification: M, M11, R4
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation