Network Embeddedness and the Rate of Water Cooperation and Conflict
Networks in Water Governance, edited by Manuel Fischer and Karin Ingold. Cham: Springer, pp. 87-113. (August 2020)
20 Pages Posted: 8 Dec 2020
Date Written: August 20, 2019
International rivers can provoke both conflict and cooperation but the dependencies be- tween cooperative and conflict events are rarely studied. This chapter uses network the- ory and statistical network models to better utilise the potential of datasets of interna- tional water-related cooperation and conflict events. It finds significant endogeneities to water-related conflict and cooperation that have been missing in the quantitative litera- ture on water events to date: both cooperation and conflict are driven by past conflict and cooperation in the dyad and with third parties, signalling significant “network bag- gage”. Water scarcity drives both cooperation and conflict, and while conflict resolution supports further cooperation, only institutional flexibility mitigates conflict; institutional delegation and allocation aggravate conflict.
Keywords: conflict, cooperation, coevolution, DyNAMs, rate, choice, windowed, weighted
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