Online at Will: A Novel Protocol for Mutual Authentication in Peer-to-Peer Networks for Patient-Centered Health Care Information Systems

Proceedings of the 54th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2021), Virtual Conference

10 Pages Posted: 18 Oct 2020

See all articles by Imrana Abdullahi Yari

Imrana Abdullahi Yari

Friedrich-Alexander University

Tobias Dehling

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Felix Kluge

Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg

Bjoern Eskofier

Friedrich-Alexander University

Ali Sunyaev

University of Cologne; Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Date Written: January 5, 2021

Abstract

Patient-centered health care information sys-tems (PHSs) on peer-to-peer (P2P) networks promise decentralization benefits. P2P PHSs, such as decen-tralized personal health records or interoperable Covid-19 proximity trackers, can enhance data sover-eignty and resilience to single points of failure, but the openness of P2P networks introduces new security issues. We propose a novel, simple, and secure mutual authentication protocol that supports offline access, leverages independent and stateless encryption ser-vices, and enables patients and medical professionals to establish secure connections when using P2P PHSs. Our protocol includes a virtual smart card (software-based) feature to ease integration of authentication features of emerging national health-IT infrastruc-tures. The security evaluation shows that our protocol resists most online and offline threats while exhibiting performance comparable to traditional, albeit less secure, password-based authentication methods. Our protocol serves as foundation for the design and im-plementation of P2P PHSs that will make use of P2P PHSs more secure and trustworthy.

Keywords: Peer-to-Peer, Health IT, Authentication, Information Security

JEL Classification: L86

Suggested Citation

Yari, Imrana Abdullahi and Dehling, Tobias and Kluge, Felix and Eskofier, Bjoern and Sunyaev, Ali, Online at Will: A Novel Protocol for Mutual Authentication in Peer-to-Peer Networks for Patient-Centered Health Care Information Systems (January 5, 2021). Proceedings of the 54th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS 2021), Virtual Conference, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3712459

Imrana Abdullahi Yari (Contact Author)

Friedrich-Alexander University ( email )

Erlangen-Nuremberg
Germany

Tobias Dehling

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology ( email )

Kaiserstraße 12
Karlsruhe, Baden Württemberg 76131
Germany

Felix Kluge

Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg ( email )

Carl-Thiersch-Str. 2b
Erlangen, 91058
Germany

Bjoern Eskofier

Friedrich-Alexander University ( email )

Erlangen-Nuremberg
Germany

Ali Sunyaev

University of Cologne ( email )

Albertus-Magnus-Platz
Cologne, 50923
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.isq.uni-koeln.de

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology ( email )

Kaiserstraße 12
Karlsruhe, Baden Württemberg 76131
Germany

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
6
Abstract Views
38
PlumX Metrics