Global Health Law: Legal Foundations for Social Justice in Public Health
Foundations of Global Health & Human Rights (Lawrence O. Gostin & Benjamin Mason Meier eds., 2020)
22 Pages Posted: 16 Oct 2020 Last revised: 24 Oct 2020
Date Written: October 15, 2020
This chapter provides an understanding of the legal foundations of human rights, examining human rights under international law as a basis for social justice in public health. International human rights law has codified the rights first enumerated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, evolving through the politics of the Cold War to develop the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. This seminal covenant and the international treaties that derived from it have framed the legal foundations of the human right to health and the evolution of health-related human rights. Yet, where challenges remain in responding to the health needs of a globalizing world, scholars and advocates have looked to a shift from international health law to global health law, facilitating collaboration between state and non-state actors in an expanding global health policy landscape.
Keywords: international law; human rights law; public health law; social justice; International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; global health law; Framework Convention on Global Health
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