Only Second-Class Tickets for Women in the COVID-19 Race. A Study on Manuscript Submissions and Reviews in 2329 Elsevier Journals
Published Version: PLoS ONE 16(10): e0257919. October 10, 2021 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0257919
28 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2020 Last revised: 29 Oct 2021
Date Written: October 16, 2020
During the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic, the submission rate to scholarly journals increased abnormally. Given that most academics were forced to work from home, the competing demands for familial duties might have penalised the scientific productivity of women. To test this hypothesis, we looked at submitted manuscripts and peer review activities for all Elsevier journals between February and May 2018-2020, including data on over 5 million authors and referees. Results showed that during the first wave of the pandemic, women submitted proportionally fewer manuscripts than men. This deficit was especially pronounced among younger cohorts of women academics. The rate of the peer-review invitation acceptance showed a less pronounced gender pattern. Our findings suggest that the first wave of the pandemic has created potentially cumulative advantages for men.
Keywords: COVID-19; gender penalties; gender; scholarly journals; manuscripts; peer review; Elsevier; gender bias
JEL Classification: J16, 038
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation