Market Liquidity Programs: GFC and Before

Journal of Financial Crises, Vol. 2, Iss. 3, 2020

Yale Program on Financial Stability Working Paper

30 Pages Posted: 21 Oct 2020 Last revised: 4 Nov 2020

See all articles by June Rhee

June Rhee

Yale University - Yale Program on Financial Stability; Harvard Law School; Yale University - Yale Program on Financial Stability

Greg Feldberg

Yale University - Yale Program on Financial Stability; Yale School of Management

Andrew Metrick

Yale School of Management; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Yale University - Yale Program on Financial Stability

Ariel Smith

Yale University - Yale Program on Financial Stability

Date Written: October 16, 2020

Abstract

The virulence of the Global Financial Crisis of 2007–09 (GFC) was explained in large part by the increased reliance of the global financial system on market-based funding and the lack of preexisting tools to address a disruption in that type of system. This paper surveys market liquidity programs (MLPs), which we define as government interventions in which the key motivation is to stabilize liquidity in a specific wholesale funding market that is under stress. Most of the MLPs surveyed in this paper were launched during and after the GFC, but two pre-GFC MLPs are included. A subsequent survey on MLPs in response to the COVID-19 crisis is forthcoming. MLPs focus on markets that a central bank believes are critical to financial stability. Stress in these markets could be interfering with monetary policy transmission or disrupting the smooth flow of credit to the real economy. MLPs depart from traditional central bank responses to a systemwide liquidity crisis. MLPs have used a variety of techniques that central bankers would typically consider nonstandard for the purpose of promoting liquidity in wholesale funding markets. These include (1) targeted lender-of-last resort activities, (2) lending securities for securities, (3) lending cash for securities, (4) largescale asset purchases, (5) targeted asset purchases, and (6) indirect asset purchases.

Keywords: market liquidity, wholesale funding, market-based funding, financial stability

Suggested Citation

Rhee, June and Feldberg, Greg and Metrick, Andrew and Smith, Ariel, Market Liquidity Programs: GFC and Before (October 16, 2020). Journal of Financial Crises, Vol. 2, Iss. 3, 2020, Yale Program on Financial Stability Working Paper, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3713304

June Rhee (Contact Author)

Yale University - Yale Program on Financial Stability ( email )

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Harvard Law School ( email )

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Yale University - Yale Program on Financial Stability

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Greg Feldberg

Yale University - Yale Program on Financial Stability ( email )

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Yale School of Management ( email )

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Andrew Metrick

Yale School of Management ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://faculty.som.yale.edu/andrewmetrick/

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

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Yale University - Yale Program on Financial Stability

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Ariel Smith

Yale University - Yale Program on Financial Stability

165 Whitney Avenue
P.O. Box 208200
New Haven, CT 06520-8200
United States

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