A structural model of guarantor and liquidity risk
44 Pages Posted: 2 Dec 2020 Last revised: 8 Jan 2021
Date Written: September 1, 2020
We develop a structural model that accounts for guarantor risk and state-dependent withdrawals that induce liquidity funding costs for the bank. The severity of these costs increases near the default barrier, where depositors run on the bank for fear of a costly recovery. The introduced frictions reduce the bank charter value and lead to lower levels of optimal leverage. Our model provides a tool for examining the effectiveness of different regulatory and deposit insurance policies. Minimum capital requirements successfully mitigate asset substitution and moral hazard problems, even in regimes with capital forbearance and mispriced deposit insurance. We introduce a new measure, the reservation price of deposit insurance, defined as the highest premium that makes deposit insurance irrelevant to the bank. The reservation price is significantly low when the guarantee fund provides limited coverage and has not prevented bank runs, thus forcing the guarantee fund to levy a lower assessment rate.
Keywords: Deposit insurance, capital regulation, structural models, bank capital structure
JEL Classification: G13, G21, G33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation