EU Competence and Investor Migration
The Law of Citizenship and Money, edited by Kochenov and Surak,CUP, Forthcoming
22 Pages Posted: 17 Dec 2020
Date Written: October 20, 2020
In this chapter, we examine whether the EU could take action against investor migration schemes. In particular, we examine whether such action would be compatible with the EU’s division of competences and the principle of conferral. We draw a distinction between three different areas — nationality, residence, and money-laundering and corruption — and demonstrate that EU competences to intervene vary, depending on the area that the EU seeks to address. We argue that it lacks the competence to intervene in the domain of national citizenship. By contrast to investor citizenship, the EU is in a better position to intervene in the case of investor residence programmes. As we will show, the EU already restricts the range of options Member States can offer to investor residents in terms of freedom of movement and residence. It also possesses the competences to act against issues such as money-laundering and corruption.
Keywords: Investor Migration, EU Citizenship
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