History of Pandemics in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Century

Posted: 29 Oct 2020

See all articles by Adewunmi James Falode

Adewunmi James Falode

Lagos State University

Joshua Olusegun Bolarinwa

Nigerian Institute of International Affairs (NIIA)

Moses Yakubu

University of Benin

Date Written: July 9, 2020

Abstract

This work is the historical analysis of pandemics in the Twentieth and Twenty-first century. It shows that the influenza virus has been responsible for major pandemic outbreaks in the two centuries. The work shows that bacteria and viruses, especially Yersinia pestis and the influenza virus, have been responsible for the outbreaks of major pandemics in recorded history. It carries-out a comprehensive and extensive analysis of the various impacts of historical and contemporary pandemics like the Plague of Justinian, Bubonic plague, Spanish flu and the novel coronavirus had on the trajectory of world history. The work discovers that such pandemics profoundly affects political, economic, social, religious, technological, health and educational developments in states in the post-pandemic periods. Additionally, this work comprehensively identified the commonalities among the pandemic-causing diseases in the Twentieth and Twenty-first century. It discovers, among other things, that pandemic-causing diseases usually strikes in waves and that globalization plays an active role in the transmission of infection in the two centuries. The work concludes by showing that pandemics usually strikes in three waves and based on this assertion the world should be prepared to respond to the second and third waves of the novel coronavirus.

Keywords: History; Pandemic; Coronavirus, COVID-19; Disease; Plague; Virus

Suggested Citation

Falode, Adewunmi James and Bolarinwa, Joshua Olusegun and Yakubu, Moses, History of Pandemics in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Century (July 9, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3718701

Adewunmi James Falode (Contact Author)

Lagos State University ( email )

Ojo
Lagos State
Nigeria

Joshua Olusegun Bolarinwa

Nigerian Institute of International Affairs (NIIA) ( email )

13/15 Kofo Abayomi Str
Victoria Island
Lagos
Nigeria

Moses Yakubu

University of Benin ( email )

Edo State, Nigeria
Benin City, DE EDO State
Nigeria

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