The Procurement of a COVID-19 Vaccine in Developing Countries: Lessons from the 2009-H1N1 Pandemic

Public Procurement in (A) Crisis: Global Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic, Forthcoming

Posted: 29 Oct 2020

See all articles by Mark Eccleston-Turner

Mark Eccleston-Turner

Keele University, Staffordshire, United Kingdom

Harry Upton

Keele University

Date Written: October 26, 2020

Abstract

A vaccine is key to the COVID-19 global response strategy. However, it is not yet clear how any COVID-19 vaccine will or ought to be distributed, despite the significant issues of fairness, equity, and justice this raises. The 2009-H1N1 pandemic demonstrated that without a robust mechanism at the international level to ensure fair allocation, developing countries will either not receive the vaccine at all, or receive it significantly later than developed countries. Using procurement of vaccines during 2009-H1N1 as a case study, this chapter explores how developing states may procure a COVID-19 vaccine, if one is developed. It considers both direct procurement of vaccines by developing countries, and procurement by international organizations on behalf of developing states. The chapter outlines some of the unique challenges associated with manufacturing and procuring vaccine, and argues that without strong and meaningful commitments from developed countries to donate vaccine to their developing neighbours, then developing countries are likely to be unable to procure this vital medical resource. Drawing on procurement of vaccine during 2009-H1N1 pandemic this chapter argues that developed states with the capacity to manufacture a COVID-19 vaccine are likely to utilise compulsory requisition and other regulatory measures such as government indemnification of vaccine manufacturers for failure to meet contractual obligations, export control measures, and other parallel regulatory measures in order to delay or prevent the export of a COVID-19 vaccine.

Suggested Citation

Eccleston-Turner, Mark and Upton, Harry, The Procurement of a COVID-19 Vaccine in Developing Countries: Lessons from the 2009-H1N1 Pandemic (October 26, 2020). Public Procurement in (A) Crisis: Global Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic, Forthcoming, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3719109 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3719109

Mark Eccleston-Turner (Contact Author)

Keele University, Staffordshire, United Kingdom ( email )

School of Politics, Philosophy, International Rela
Staffordshire, SD
United Kingdom

Harry Upton

Keele University ( email )

Keele, Staffordshire ST5 5BG
United Kingdom

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