U.S. Military Should Not Be in My Backyard: The Case of Okinawa

56 Pages Posted: 20 Nov 2020 Last revised: 26 Feb 2021

See all articles by Takako Hikotani

Takako Hikotani

Columbia University

Yusaku Horiuchi

Dartmouth College - Department of Government

Atsushi Tago

Waseda University - School of Political Science and Economics

Date Written: February 25, 2021

Abstract

In an article recently published in this journal, Allen et al. (2020) argue that U.S. military deployments nurture favorable attitudes toward the U.S. among foreign citizens. However, their analysis disregards the geographical concentration of U.S. military facilities within the host countries. To examine this relevance of geography, we focus on Okinawa, a small Japanese prefecture hosting 70% of U.S. military facilities within Japan. Based on a national sample and a targeted sample from Okinawa, we replicate their survey. We also administer an original conjoint experiment on Japanese citizens’ attitudes toward the Osprey deployment in Japan. The results show strong Not-In-My-Backyard (NIMBY) sentiment among Japanese people, particularly among Okinawans, toward the U.S. military presence, regardless of their contact with Americans and economic benefits. Our study not only refutes the findings of Allen et al.’s study but also opens new academic debates in the literature on alliance politics and civil-military relations.

Keywords: alliance, military bases, contact theory, economic compensation, NIMBY, Japan, conjoint analysis

JEL Classification: D72, D74, F51, F52, F53, H56

Suggested Citation

Hikotani, Takako and Horiuchi, Yusaku and Tago, Atsushi, U.S. Military Should Not Be in My Backyard: The Case of Okinawa (February 25, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3720527 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3720527

Takako Hikotani

Columbia University ( email )

3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

Yusaku Horiuchi (Contact Author)

Dartmouth College - Department of Government ( email )

204 Silsby Hall
HB 6108
Hanover, NH 03755
United States

HOME PAGE: http://sites.dartmouth.edu/horiuchi/

Atsushi Tago

Waseda University - School of Political Science and Economics ( email )

1-6-1 Nishiwaseda
Shinkuku
Tokyo
Japan

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