COVID-19, Public Procurement Regimes and Trade Policy

28 Pages Posted: 3 Nov 2020

See all articles by Bernard Hoekman

Bernard Hoekman

Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies; European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Anirudh Shingal

India Habitat Centre - Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER)

Varun Eknath

The WorldBank Group

Viktoriya Ereshchenko

The WorldBank Group

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: November 2020

Abstract

This paper analyzes a prominent dimension of the initial policy response to the COVID-19 pandemic observed in many countries: the imposition of export restrictions and actions to facilitate imports. Using weekly data on the use of trade policy instruments during the first seven months of the COVID-19 pandemic (January-July, 2020) we assess the relationship between the use of trade policy instruments and attributes of pre-crisis public procurement regulation. Controlling for country size, government effectiveness and economic factors, we find that use of export restrictions targeting medical products is strongly positively correlated with the total number of steps and average time required to complete procurement processes in the pre-crisis period. Membership of trade agreements encompassing public procurement disciplines is associated with actions to facilitate trade in medical products. These findings suggest future empirical assessments of the drivers of trade policy during the pandemic should consider public procurement systems.

Keywords: COVID-19; export controls; trade facilitation; trade policy; public procurement; trade agreements

JEL Classification: F13, F15, H57, I18

Suggested Citation

Hoekman, Bernard and Shingal, Anirudh and Eknath, Varun and Ereshchenko, Viktoriya, COVID-19, Public Procurement Regimes and Trade Policy (November 2020). Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies Research Paper No. RSCAS 2020/72, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3724295 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3724295

Bernard Hoekman (Contact Author)

Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies ( email )

Fiesole, Tuscany
Italy

European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS) ( email )

Villa La Fonte, via delle Fontanelle 18
50016 San Domenico di Fiesole
Florence, Florence 50014
Italy

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Anirudh Shingal

India Habitat Centre - Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER) ( email )

Core 6A, Fourth Floor Lodhi Road
New Delhi, 110003
India

Varun Eknath

The WorldBank Group ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Viktoriya Ereshchenko

The WorldBank Group ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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