Effects of In-Class Variation and Student Rank on the Probability of Withdrawal: Cross-Section and Time-Series Analysis for UK University Students

35 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2003

See all articles by Wiji Arulampalam

Wiji Arulampalam

University of Warwick - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Robin Naylor

University of Warwick - Department of Economics

Jeremy Smith

University of Warwick - Department of Economics

Date Written: November 2002

Abstract

From individual-level data for nine entire cohorts of undergraduate students in UK universities, we estimate the probability that an individual will drop out of university during their first-year. We examine the 1984-85 to 1992-93 cohorts of students enrolling full-time for a three or four-year course, and focus on the sensitivity of the probability of withdrawal to the individual's prior qualifications relative to those of the other students in their university course. We show not only that weaker students are more likely to withdraw but also that the extent of variation in prior qualifications within the student's university degree course exerts an influence on the individual's probability of withdrawal in a way that varies with the individual's own in-class rank.

Keywords: Student Withdrawal, Prior Qualifications, Rank, Heterogeneity

JEL Classification: J24, I2

Suggested Citation

Arulampalam, Wiji and Naylor, Robin A. and Smith, Jeremy P., Effects of In-Class Variation and Student Rank on the Probability of Withdrawal: Cross-Section and Time-Series Analysis for UK University Students (November 2002). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=372461

Wiji Arulampalam (Contact Author)

University of Warwick - Department of Economics ( email )

Coventry CV4 7AL
United Kingdom
01203 523471 (Phone)
01203 523032 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Robin A. Naylor

University of Warwick - Department of Economics ( email )

Coventry CV4 7AL
United Kingdom

Jeremy P. Smith

University of Warwick - Department of Economics ( email )

Coventry CV4 7AL
United Kingdom

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