Managers’ Fair Value Estimates and Auditing
43 Pages Posted: 21 Jan 2021 Last revised: 13 Jan 2022
Date Written: January 2022
In this paper, we conduct an experiment using professionals with over 18 years of experience to examine when the anticipation of an audit heightens versus constrains manager bias in fair value estimates. Considering a pending audit leads to heightened bias in fair value estimates, but only when prior-year auditor negotiations have favored the auditor (versus the manager). This result obtains whether the auditor is an expert or non-expert, indicating that heightened bias when prior negotiations favor the auditor outweighs the potential for high auditor expertise to constrain management bias. Results also reveal that even though managers believe that prior negotiation outcomes and auditor expertise work differently in affecting final post-audit fair value estimates, the vast majority of managers do not expect auditing to be a determining factor in whether or not their company will meet or miss analysts’ consensus forecasts.
Keywords: Accounting Estimates, Fair Value, Management Bias, Auditing, Negotiations, Expertise
JEL Classification: C91, D81, M41, M43
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation