Vocational Training of Unemployed Workers in Belgium
24 Pages Posted: 7 Feb 2003
Date Written: January 2003
In this paper we estimate, for the 1989-93 period in Belgium, the effect of vocational classroom training on the rate of transition from unemployment. We propose a "control function" estimator accounting for variable treatment effects. In the absence of interaction effects between explanatory variables this estimator identifies treatment effects free from selection bias. A natural experiment induces exogenous sub-regional variation in the training supply. This provides over-identifying restrictions that cannot be rejected. During participation, the transition rate decreases by 23% to 30%. Afterwards it increases by 47% to 73%. Making training available for a broader population would, however, reduce the effectiveness of the programme.
Keywords: Vocational Training, Evaluation, Transition Models, Job-search
JEL Classification: C41, J24, J64, J68
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