Military Managers and Earnings Management
53 Pages Posted: 17 Nov 2020 Last revised: 31 Jan 2023
Date Written: May 1, 2022
In a developing market, how do managers with previous military experience (military managers) affect the quality of financial reporting? Using a sample of Chinese firms, we find that firms with military managers are associated with higher levels of earnings management, through both accrual-based and real-activities manipulations. Those firms are more susceptible to financial restatements, qualified audit opinions, and penalties for violation. To alleviate endogeneity problems, we use both the instrumental variable regression and propensity score matching, and our results are robust. In addition, the effect of military managers is more pronounced in state-owned firms and firms with weak internal control systems. These findings improve our understanding of the link between managerial traits and financial reporting decisions, in an environment where the major governance issue is the conflict between majority and minority shareholders.
Keywords: Corporate governance, Earnings management, Military experience
JEL Classification: G30, M41, J24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation