An Early Assessment of Curfew and Second COVID-19 Lock-Down on Virus Propagation in France
10 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2020
Date Written: November 12, 2020
This note provides an early assessment of the reinforced measures to curb the COVID-19 pandemic in France, which include a curfew of selected areas and culminate in a second COVID-19-related lock-down that started on October 30, 2020 and is still ongoing. We analyse the change in virus propagation across age groups and across départements using an acceleration index introduced in Baunez et al. 2020.We find that while the pandemic is still in the acceleration regime, acceleration decreased notably with curfew measures and this more rapidly so for the more vulnerable population group, that is, for people older than 60. Acceleration continued to decline under lock-down, but more so for the active population under 60 than for those above 60. For the youngest population aged 0 to 19, curfew measures did not reduce acceleration but lock-down does. This suggests that if health policies aim at protecting the elderly population generally more at risk to suffer severe consequences from COVID-19, curfew measures may be most effective. However, looking at the departmental map of France, we find that curfews have not necessarily been imposed in départements where acceleration was the largest.
Note: Funding: This work was supported by French National Research Agency Grants ANR-17-EURE-0020.
Declaration of Interests: The authors declare no competing interests.
Keywords: COVID-19, Effects of Curfew and Lock-down, Acceleration Index, Real-time Analysis, France
JEL Classification: I18, H12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation