Open Banking: Credit Market Competition When Borrowers Own the Data
58 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2021
Date Written: November 13, 2020
Open banking facilitates data sharing consented by customers who generate the data, with a regulatory goal of promoting competition between traditional banks and challenger fintech entrants. We study lending market competition when sharing banks' customer data enables better borrower screening or targeting by fintech lenders. Open banking could make the entire financial industry better off yet leave all borrowers worse off, even if borrowers could choose whether to share their data. We highlight the importance of equilibrium credit quality inference from borrowers' endogenous sign-up decisions. When data sharing triggers privacy concerns by facilitating exploitative targeted loans, the equilibrium sign-up population can grow with the degree of privacy concerns.
Keywords: Open Banking, Data Sharing, Banking Competition, Digital Economy, Winner’s Curse, Privacy, Precision Marketing
JEL Classification: D18, G21, L13, L51
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