Political and Economic Consequences of Humanitarian Military Interventions in Targeted Nations

40 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2021

See all articles by Luqman Saeed

Luqman Saeed

University of London, Royal Holloway College, Department of Economics

Date Written: November 16, 2020

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of humanitarian military interventions (HMIs) on conflict termination, conflict escalation, economic output and democratic performance using panel data on 144 countries covering time-period of 1960-2018. There is no scholarly consensus about whether HMIs are an effective mean of enforcing peace and causing economic and political stabilities. Our contribution is empirical and we use recently developed database on HMIs by the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt. The results from multivariate analyses suggest that neutral interventions have positive impact on conflict termination whereas biased interventions, particularly against rebels, tend to escalate conflict. Neutral interventions have no significant negative impact on output whereas HMIs biased against governments and rebels lead to around 9 -8 percent decrease in per capita output. Finally, neutral and against governments HMIs lead to increase in democracy score. We estimate both contemporaneous and long-run decaying effects and as robustness check also carry out IV regressions with instruments constructed using Lewbel method.

Keywords: Humanitarian Military Interventions, Biased and Neutral Interventions, Conflict Termination, Conflict Escalation, Economic Output, Democracy

JEL Classification: D74, F51, F54

Suggested Citation

Saeed, Luqman, Political and Economic Consequences of Humanitarian Military Interventions in Targeted Nations (November 16, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3731845 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3731845

Luqman Saeed (Contact Author)

University of London, Royal Holloway College, Department of Economics ( email )

London
United Kingdom

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