Potential Impact of Daycare Closures on Parental Child Caregiving in Turkey

Levy Economics Institute, Working Papers Series, November 2020

16 Pages Posted: 19 Nov 2020

See all articles by Emel Memis

Emel Memis

Bard College - The Levy Economics Institute

Ebru Kongar

Dickinson College - Department of Economics

Date Written: November 17, 2020

Abstract

Daycares closed on March 16, 2020 in Turkey to prevent the spread of COVID-19. At the same time, the two most common nonparental childcare arrangements in Turkey—care of children by grandparents and nannies—became undesirable due to health concerns and in some cases also unfeasible due to the partial lockdown for individuals under the age of 20 and over the age of 64. We estimate the potential impact of new constraints on nonparental childcare arrangements due to the pandemic on parental caregiving time of married parents of preschool-age children by using data from the 2014–15 Turkish Time Use Survey. Comparing how parental caregiving time varies by gender and use of nonparental childcare arrangements, we find that new constraints on nonparental childcare arrangements during the pandemic have potentially increased the gender difference in parental caregiving time by an hour and forty minutes in Turkey.

Keywords: Gender Economics, Time Use, Unpaid Labor, Turkey, COVID-19

JEL Classification: D13, J16, J22

Suggested Citation

Memis, Emel and Kongar, Ebru, Potential Impact of Daycare Closures on Parental Child Caregiving in Turkey (November 17, 2020). Levy Economics Institute, Working Papers Series, November 2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3732315 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3732315

Emel Memis (Contact Author)

Bard College - The Levy Economics Institute ( email )

Blithewood
Annandale-on-Hudson, NY 12504
United States

Ebru Kongar

Dickinson College - Department of Economics ( email )

Carlisle, PA 17013
United States

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