Shared Residential Occupancy and Property Tax Compliance
43 Pages Posted:
Date Written: November 20, 2020
This article examines for the first time the property tax compliance behavior of homeowners who rent out part of their own home to tenants. This increasingly popular occupancy arrangement typically arises due to the financial constraints of homeowners. Currently little is known about the property tax compliance behavior of homeowners in this shared occupancy arrangement, relative to homeowners who fully occupy their properties. Using granular administrative-level data on occupancy characteristics from the Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA) in Ghana, we find that owner-and-tenant-occupied dwelling units have a higher probability of being in tax arrears, as compared to owner-occupied units. Their non-compliance is more sensitive to increases in property tax rates and is greater for those located farther away from local public amenities (suburban police stations and hospitals). Overall, our findings provide new insights for policy-makers on the tax compliance of owner-and-tenant-occupancy arrangements in a weak regulatory environment.
Keywords: Residential Occupancy; Home Ownership; Property Tax Compliance; Reciprocity
JEL Classification: D12, H41, R21
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation