AI and the Law in the EU and the US

in Florian Martin-Bariteau & Teresa Scassa, eds., Artificial Intelligence and the Law in Canada (Toronto: LexisNexis Canada, 2021)

Posted: 5 Dec 2020

See all articles by Céline Castets-Renard

Céline Castets-Renard

Civil Law Faculty; University of Toulouse 1; ANITI (Artificial and Natural Intelligence Toulouse Institute); Institut Universitaire de France

Date Written: November 2, 2020

Abstract

This paper compares how the United States and the European Union view the regulation of artificial intelligence (AI). While the United States is more in favour of self-regulation, on the contrary, the European Union presents itself as a leader in developing norms on AI. In the European Union, AI law attempts to take into account the social risks generated by AI in certain sectors of activity and to minimize these risks through a responsible and human-centred approach to AI. However, the United States is not passive in the face of certain risks and some states and cities have already established regulations to mitigate them, such as in the area of autonomous vehicles and facial recognition. These two models of AI law in the United States and the European Union are therefore complex and diverse. In this context, Canada must find its way and adopt AI law to minimize the social risks.

Keywords: AI; European Union; United States

Suggested Citation

Castets-Renard, Céline, AI and the Law in the EU and the US (November 2, 2020). in Florian Martin-Bariteau & Teresa Scassa, eds., Artificial Intelligence and the Law in Canada (Toronto: LexisNexis Canada, 2021), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3734670

Céline Castets-Renard (Contact Author)

Civil Law Faculty ( email )

57 Louis Pasteur Street
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://https://droitcivil.uottawa.ca/fr

University of Toulouse 1 ( email )

2 rue du doyen Gabriel Marty
Toulouse, 31000
France

ANITI (Artificial and Natural Intelligence Toulouse Institute) ( email )

41 Allées Jules Guesde - CS 61321
TOULOUSE
France

Institut Universitaire de France ( email )

103, bld Saint-Michel
75005 Paris
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
139
PlumX Metrics