AI and the Law in the EU and the US
in Florian Martin-Bariteau & Teresa Scassa, eds., Artificial Intelligence and the Law in Canada (Toronto: LexisNexis Canada, 2021)
26 Pages Posted: 5 Dec 2020 Last revised: 5 Aug 2022
Date Written: November 2, 2020
This paper compares how the United States and the European Union view the regulation of artificial intelligence (AI). While the United States is more in favour of self-regulation, on the contrary, the European Union presents itself as a leader in developing norms on AI. In the European Union, AI law attempts to take into account the social risks generated by AI in certain sectors of activity and to minimize these risks through a responsible and human-centred approach to AI. However, the United States is not passive in the face of certain risks and some states and cities have already established regulations to mitigate them, such as in the area of autonomous vehicles and facial recognition. These two models of AI law in the United States and the European Union are therefore complex and diverse. In this context, Canada must find its way and adopt AI law to minimize the social risks.
Keywords: AI; European Union; United States
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