Multiscale Intertemporal Capital Asset Pricing Model
International Journal of Finance & Economics, forthcoming https://doi.org/10.1002/ijfe.2372
53 Pages Posted: 9 Jan 2021 Last revised: 8 Aug 2022
Date Written: November 18, 2020
This study investigates the multiscale intertemporal capital asset pricing model. We focus upon differences across timescales since they represent heterogeneities of investors in markets. This study employs a wavelet approach to decompose return data into multiple timescales. Furthermore, we impose a same risk-aversion parameter constraint into all portfolios, which is proposed by Engel and Bali (2010) who show that the constraint provides a reasonable equity risk premium at a daily frequency.
We observe positive relations between the expected returns on portfolios and the covariance of the market at a daily frequency, while these relations change as timescales increase. We find that a negative risk-return relation, which might be related to a correction process of overreaction at an approximately weekly frequency (2 days to 16 days). The strongest positive relation is observed at an approximately monthly frequency (16 to 32 days). Monthly portfolio rebalances are widely used and might impact stock market return patterns. The equity risk premium in the longer frequency ranges from 8.64% to 11.10%. Our results are robust after controlling for macroeconomic variables, market implied volatility and test portfolios. Moreover, we investigate size and value factors and reveal that the risk premia disappear in the longer frequency, which suggests that Intertemporal CAPM is satisfied.
Keywords: ICAPM, wavelet, risk factor, investment horizon, risk-aversion
JEL Classification: C32, G11, G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation