Governance, Inequality and Inclusive Education in Sub-Saharan Africa

Forum for Social Economics; EXCAS Working Paper WP/20/086 ; DOI: 10.1080/07360932.2020.1856166.

30 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2021

See all articles by Simplice Asongu

Simplice Asongu

African Governance and Development Institute

Samba Diop

Université Gaston Berger de Saint-Louis

Amsalu K. Addis

Fuzhou University

Date Written: November 21, 2020

Abstract

The study provides thresholds of income inequality that if exceeded will nullify the positive effect of governance dynamics on gender-inclusive education in 42 countries in sub-Saharan Africa for the period 2004-2014. The Generalized Method of Moments is used as an estimation strategy. The following findings are established. First, the unconditional effects of governance dynamics on inclusive education are consistently positive whereas the corresponding conditional effects from the interaction between inequality and governance dynamics are consistently negative. Second, the levels of inequality that completely crowd-out the positive incidence of governance on inclusive “primary and secondary education” are: 0.587 for the rule of law and 0.565 for corruption-control. Third, the levels of inequality that completely dampen the positive incidence of governance on inclusive “secondary education” are: 0.601 for “voice & accountability” and 0.700 for regulation quality. Fourth, for tertiary education, inequality thresholds are respectively 0.568 for political stability and 0.562 for corruption-control. The main policy implication is that for governance dynamics to promote inclusive education in the sampled countries, income inequality levels should be kept within the established thresholds. Other implications are discussed in the light of Sustainable Development Goals.

Keywords: Africa; Inequality; Gender; Inclusive Development

JEL Classification: G20; I10; I32; O40; O55

Suggested Citation

Asongu, Simplice and Diop, Samba and Addis, Amsalu K., Governance, Inequality and Inclusive Education in Sub-Saharan Africa (November 21, 2020). Forum for Social Economics; EXCAS Working Paper WP/20/086 ; DOI: 10.1080/07360932.2020.1856166. , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3734897 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3734897

Simplice Asongu (Contact Author)

African Governance and Development Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 8413
Yaoundé, 8413
Cameroon

Samba Diop

Université Gaston Berger de Saint-Louis ( email )

Route de Ngallele
Saint-Louis
Senegal

Amsalu K. Addis

Fuzhou University ( email )

fuzhou, 350000
China

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