In Silico Docking for Inhibition Neuropilin-1 (SARS-CoV-2 Receptor) by Some Natural and Approved Drugs
14 Pages Posted: 25 Nov 2020
Date Written: October 23, 2020
Background: Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) is a multifunctional transmembrane receptor for ligands that affect developmental axonal growth and angiogenesis. Beside its role in cancer, NRP-1 is a reported entrance for several viruses, including severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causal agent of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
Methods: We made Insilco docking between the spike protein and Neuropilin-1 using Cluspro 2.0 software. Therefore, Neuropilin-1 becomes host factor for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Then by using molecular docking, we test nine compounds against Neuropilin-1 for its inhibition.
Results: Our result revealed that NRP-1 receptor is considered as Therapeutic target for SARS-CoV2 treatment and screened with natural compounds and drugs (e.g. Carvacrol, Thymol, Amantadine, Daclatasvir, Ravidasvir, Remdesivir, Sofosbuvir, Hesperidine and Thymoquinone) by molecular docking study.
Conclusion: These natural products and drugs may emerge as potential Neuropilin-1 inhibitor. However, additional exploration is predictable for the investigation of the essential use of the drugs and herbs containing these natural products and their in-vivo activity.
Note: Funding: Not Applicable.
Conflict of Interest: All the authors declare that there is no competing interest in this work.
Ethical Approval: Not Applicable.
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; Spike (S) protein; Neuropilin-1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation