Courts and Artificial Intelligence
A. D. (Dory) Reiling, ‘Courts and Artificial Intelligence’ (2020) 11(2) International Journal for Court Administration 8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.36745/ijca.343
10 Pages Posted: 25 Nov 2020
Date Written: November 24, 2020
This article explores the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in courts of law. AI raises any number of questions for courts and judges. Importantly, what can AI do for the administration of justice, and what does that require? Complexity reduction is at the heart of court processes, irrespective of subject matter. Not all court work is complex custom work and routine processes have different requirements from complex customised work of the courts. It follows, that forms of information technology, including artificial intelligence, are also not the same for all cases. Which form of AI has already proven itself for these different processes? The work of courts and judges is governed by the standards of proper procedure, including Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights, so what does this mean for those working with AI? The Council of Europe has developed the Ethical Principles for the use of AI in the administration of justice. Can legal information be made more usable for AI?
Keywords: courts; artificial intelligence; AI; justice; information technology
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