Domestic Fertigation Management System for Improved Aquaponics
17 Pages Posted: 30 Nov 2020
Date Written: November 24, 2020
Agriculture is designated as a backbone of Indian economy. In defiance of its noteworthiness, there is a large exception in accomplishing it as livelihood due to its investment inadequacy. Agriculture currently visage plenty of hindrance including insubstantial machineries deployed in farm, insufficiency in integrity of machineries, unconventional cyclones, inadequate manures, deficit of labour force, indecorous yield. Nurturing nutrients to the farm becomes crucial in agriculture. Smart farming benefits out from sensors like temperature sensors, moisture sensors, and macroclimate prediction hinged on investigating system, inaccessible areas accessed over satellite communication, RFID exploration system, drones inclusive of sensors and camcorder for profitable farming. Using the aforementioned technologies, the farming can be transformed onto a competent endurable farming. The tolerance in agriculture is solely measured by the requirement of consistent provision of conventional amenities including nutrimental manures, water, humidity, daylight, and nitrified soil. To attain superior farming benefits, the farm’s requirements need to be monitored and provided with the sufficient inputs instantly. In dissection beyond ancestral farming techniques, the proposed system of aquaponics model is the legitimate scheme in harvesting the needy floras. This system draws down minimum quantity of water estimated to be less than 15 percent. In inclusion of the system for our cultivation process, it gives us a provision on furnishing affordable grow bed system with natural compositions like alluvial soil bead, live coal, and gravel coat. The planting environment is centered on nutrition preservation fraction in the grow bed in reference to the tier of vegetables raised. In order to do so, a well flourishing nutrition rich fertigation system is required. The system proposes fertigation assisted with grow-bed for the cultivation of tomato. The fertigation process is taken care by the fish tank. Here, ornamental fishes are included for the experiment and the pH value is measured periodically for maintaining a good fertigation system. The system is provided with ultrasonic sensor and moisture sensor to predict the growth of plants. The excess water provided is drawn down to fish tank to culminate fishes. The water in fish tank is taken back to irrigate plants after predicting the PH values of water from fish tank. The gadget is IoT empowered and the system ensures a justifiable proficiency.
Keywords: Agriculture, Aquaponics, Nutrient, Sensor, pH value, Smart farming, Internet of Things
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