What Determines the Success of Housing Mobility Programs?

29 Pages Posted: 25 Nov 2020

See all articles by Dionissi Aliprantis

Dionissi Aliprantis

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Hal Martin

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Kristen Tauber

The Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Date Written: November 24, 2020

Abstract

There is currently interest in crafting public housing policy that combats, rather than contributes to, the residential segregation in American cities. One such policy is the Housing Mobility Program (HMP), which aims to help people move from disinvested neighborhoods to ones with more opportunities. This paper studies how design features influence the success of HMPs in reducing racial segregation. We find that the choice of neighborhood opportunity index used to define the opportunity areas to which participants are encouraged to move has limited influence on HMP success. In contrast, we find that three design features have large effects on HMP success: 1) whether the geographic scope is confined to the central city or is implemented as a metro-level partnership; 2) whether the eligibility criteria are race-based, race-conscious, or race-neutral; 3) whether tenant counseling, tenant search assistance, and landlord outreach are successful in relaxing rental housing supply constraints.

Keywords: housing mobility program; opportunity mapping; neighborhood effect; housing choice voucher program

JEL Classification: J15, R23, I38, H43

Suggested Citation

Aliprantis, Dionissi and Martin, Hal and Tauber, Kristen, What Determines the Success of Housing Mobility Programs? (November 24, 2020). FRB of Cleveland Working Paper No. 20-36, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3737041 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3737041

Dionissi Aliprantis (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland ( email )

East 6th & Superior
Cleveland, OH 44101-1387
United States

Hal Martin

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland ( email )

East 6th & Superior
Cleveland, OH 44101-1387
United States

Kristen Tauber

The Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland ( email )

East 6th & Superior
Cleveland, OH 44101-1387
United States
(216) 774-2699 (Phone)

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