Bursting the Auto Loan Bubble in the Wake of COVID-19

25 Pages Posted: 30 Nov 2020

See all articles by Pamela Foohey

Pamela Foohey

Indiana University Maurer School of Law

Date Written: November 24, 2020

Abstract

Before the COVID-19 pandemic, auto loans outstanding in the United States had soared to record highs. The boom in lending spanned new and used cars and traditional and subprime loans. With loan delinquencies also hitting new highs almost every quarter, predictions that the auto lending market could burst soon abounded. When the economy came to a grinding halt and unemployment skyrocketed in the wake of the pandemic, auto lenders knew they were facing a crisis. Throughout 2020, auto lenders granted more payment forbearances to consumers, while slashing interest rates on new loans. Auto manufacturers similarly made promises to buyers, such as the ability to return new cars for up to a year upon job loss. Combined with the CARES Act’s relief rebates and moratoria, the bottom did not fall out of the auto loan market.

These measures, however, are temporary. The pandemic alone will not reduce people’s need for cars, but it will burst the auto loan bubble. The economic fallout will require interventions in the auto sale and loan markets, which presents a moment to transform America’s car economy. This symposium essay details a range of financial and related measures that can be implemented in the near future to shift auto financing away from promoting economically unequal and environmentally unfriendly use and access to automobiles, and, more broadly, to shift the United States away from prioritizing automobiles as the primary means of personal transportation.

Keywords: COVID-19, coronavirus, auto sales, auto debt, auto loans, transportation, auto manufacturers, cars, consumer debt, consumer credit, repossession, CARES Act, household finances, vehicle emissions, pedestrians, sidewalks

JEL Classification: D10, K36

Suggested Citation

Foohey, Pamela, Bursting the Auto Loan Bubble in the Wake of COVID-19 (November 24, 2020). 106 Iowa Law Review __ (2021 Forthcoming), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3737513 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3737513

Pamela Foohey (Contact Author)

Indiana University Maurer School of Law ( email )

211 S. Indiana Avenue
Bloomington, IN 47405
United States
812-855-1257 (Phone)

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