COVID-19, Public Procurement Regimes and Trade Policy

23 Pages Posted: 2 Dec 2020

See all articles by Varun Eknath

Varun Eknath

The WorldBank Group

Viktoriya Ereshchenko

The WorldBank Group

Bernard Hoekman

Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies; European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Anirudh Shingal

India Habitat Centre - Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: November 1, 2020

Abstract

This paper analyzes a prominent dimension of the initial policy response to the COVID-19 pandemic observed in many countries: the imposition of export restrictions and actions to facilitate imports. Using weekly data on the use of trade policy instruments during the first seven months of the COVID-19 pandemic (January-July, 2020) we assess the relationship between the use of trade policy instruments and attributes of pre-crisis public procurement regulation. Controlling for country size, government effectiveness and economic factors, we find that use of export restrictions targeting medical products is strongly positively correlated with the total number of steps and average time required to complete procurement processes in the pre-crisis period. Membership of trade agreements encompassing public procurement disciplines is associated with actions to facilitate trade in medical products. These findings suggest future empirical assessments of the drivers of trade policy during the pandemic should consider public procurement systems.

JEL Classification: F13, F15, H57, I18

Suggested Citation

Eknath, Varun and Ereshchenko, Viktoriya and Hoekman, Bernard and Shingal, Anirudh, COVID-19, Public Procurement Regimes and Trade Policy (November 1, 2020). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP15424, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3737557

Varun Eknath (Contact Author)

The WorldBank Group ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Viktoriya Ereshchenko

The WorldBank Group ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Bernard Hoekman

Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies ( email )

Fiesole, Tuscany
Italy

European University Institute - Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies (RSCAS) ( email )

Villa La Fonte, via delle Fontanelle 18
50016 San Domenico di Fiesole
Florence, Florence 50014
Italy

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Anirudh Shingal

India Habitat Centre - Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER) ( email )

Core 6A, Fourth Floor Lodhi Road
New Delhi, 110003
India

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