Building an Efficient Regulation in the Digital Economy


35 Pages Posted: 30 Nov 2020

See all articles by Christophe Carugati

Christophe Carugati

Université Paris II - Panthéon-Assas

Date Written: September 17, 2020


To regulate or not to regulate is not anymore a Shakespearian issue. The digital economy must be regulated. The question is now about how to regulate it to promote an efficient and fair competition. This paper is the section 4 of my chapter 3 of my PhD thesis “Competition Law and economics of Big Data: A new Competition Rulebook”. It presents a brief overview of the main proposals about a regulation from the Furman et al report, Crémer et al report, Schallbruch et al report, ACCC report, and Stigler report (section I). Then, it analyzes them (section II). Finally, it proposes some policy recommendations that are not included in these reports based on three principles (i) efficient competition; (ii) fair competition; and (iii) transparency and choice (section III).

Keywords: Big Data, Data Economics, Digital Economy, Online Platforms, Competition Law, Competition Economics, Regulation, Antitrust, Merger, Collusion, Algorithmic Collusion, Gafam, Economics of Free, Economics of Privacy, Data Protection

JEL Classification: K21, L1, L4, L5, L86

Suggested Citation

Carugati, Christophe, Building an Efficient Regulation in the Digital Economy (September 17, 2020). CRED WORKING PAPER No. 2020-10, Available at SSRN: or

Christophe Carugati (Contact Author)

Université Paris II - Panthéon-Assas ( email )

12 place du Pantheon
Paris cedex 06, 75231

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