Challenges of Social Distancing and Self-Isolation during COVID-19 Pandemic in Africa: A Critical Review

12 Pages Posted: 1 Dec 2020

See all articles by Elliot Mbunge

Elliot Mbunge

University of Swaziland

Stephen Fashoto

University of Eswatini - Department of Computer Science

Boluwaji Akinnuwesi

University of Eswatini - Department of Computer Science

Caroline Gurajena

University of Eswatini - Department of Computer Science

Andile Metfula

University of Eswatini - Department of Computer Science

Date Written: November 30, 2020

Abstract

The outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic poses unprecedented challenges in the African continent leading to the imposition of national lockdowns, disruption of business activities and closure of educational sectors except entities offering essential services. While policymakers and scientists search for COVID-19 vaccine, World Health Organization (WHO) recommends social distancing, face masking and self-isolation to alleviate the catastrophic impact and spread of the pandemic. To avoid the further decline of economies, policymakers are considering reopening and thoroughly observe COVID-19 infection prevention and control measures. However, these measures face challenges as African countries reopen which are not yet explored. Therefore, this paper aimed at providing a critical review of the challenges of social distancing and self-isolation of workers and families during COVID-19 pandemic in Africa. The study revealed that Social distancing and self-isolation remain paramount to reduce the spread of COVID-19 in Africa. However, these measures face tremendous challenges due to poor sanitation, informal settlements, misdistribution of COVID-19 relief aid, poverty and food insecurity, political and social unrest, religion and cultural activities, extended households and weak health systems among others. Therefore, as countries re-open, there is a need for a multi-sectoral and regional approach to trace COVID-19 health history of individuals and also inclusive participation of vulnerable households and provision of relief aid and better sanitation to minimise the risk of spreading the virus.

Keywords: COVID-19, Social distancing, Self-isolation

Suggested Citation

Mbunge, Elliot and Fashoto, Stephen G and Akinnuwesi, Boluwaji and Gurajena, Caroline and Metfula, Andile, Challenges of Social Distancing and Self-Isolation during COVID-19 Pandemic in Africa: A Critical Review (November 30, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3740202 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3740202

Elliot Mbunge (Contact Author)

University of Swaziland ( email )

Private Bag 4
Kwaluseni, Swaziland
Swaziland
78246653 (Phone)
m201 (Fax)

Stephen G Fashoto

University of Eswatini - Department of Computer Science ( email )

Swaziland

Boluwaji Akinnuwesi

University of Eswatini - Department of Computer Science ( email )

Swaziland

Caroline Gurajena

University of Eswatini - Department of Computer Science ( email )

Swaziland

Andile Metfula

University of Eswatini - Department of Computer Science ( email )

Swaziland

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
181
Abstract Views
1,117
rank
212,586
PlumX Metrics