The Impact of the COVID-19 Recession on Mexican Households: Evidence from Employment and Time Use for Men, Women, and Children

63 Pages Posted: 3 Dec 2020 Last revised: 17 Sep 2021

See all articles by Lauren Hoehn-Velasco

Lauren Hoehn-Velasco

Georgia State University - Andrew Young School of Policy Studies

Adan Silverio-Murillo

School of Government, Tecnologico de Monterrey

Jose Roberto Balmori de la Miyar

University Anahuac Mexico, Business and Economics School

Jacob Penglase

San Diego State University - Department of Economics

Date Written: September 2021

Abstract

This study examines changes in labor supply, income, and time allocation during the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico. Using an event-study design, we show that the COVID-19 recession had severe negative consequences for Mexican households. In the first month of the pandemic, employment decline by 17 percentage points. Men recovered their employment faster than women, where men's employment is nearly back to original levels by 2021Q2. Women, on the other hand, experienced persistent employment losses. Within-household, men also increased their time spent on household chores while neither gender (persistently) increased their time spent caring for others. Instead, children reduced their time spent on schoolwork by 25 percent.

Keywords: Women; Children; COVID-19; Mexico; Labor Supply; Gender; Recession; Household Time Use

JEL Classification: J12, J13, J16, J18, O12

Suggested Citation

Hoehn-Velasco, Lauren and Silverio-Murillo, Adan and Balmori de la Miyar, Jose Roberto and Penglase, Jacob, The Impact of the COVID-19 Recession on Mexican Households: Evidence from Employment and Time Use for Men, Women, and Children (September 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3741201 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3741201

Lauren Hoehn-Velasco (Contact Author)

Georgia State University - Andrew Young School of Policy Studies ( email )

Department of Economics
35 Broad Street, 6th Floor
Atlanta, GA 30303-3083
United States

Adan Silverio-Murillo

School of Government, Tecnologico de Monterrey ( email )

Calle del Puente 222
Mexico City, 04210
Mexico

Jose Roberto Balmori de la Miyar

University Anahuac Mexico, Business and Economics School ( email )

Av de las Torres 131
Olivar de los Padres
Mexico City, Mexico City 01780
Mexico

Jacob Penglase

San Diego State University - Department of Economics ( email )

5500 Campanile Drive
San Diego, CA 92182
United States

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