Transformational Leadership, Job Autonomy and Work Engagement in Bosnia and Herzegovina – An Empirical Study
Sixth Scientific Conference with International Participation “Economy of Integration” ICEI 2019
10 Pages Posted: 11 Feb 2021
Date Written: 2019
This paper focuses on transformational leadership, job autonomy, and work engagement in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These concepts have been widely studied across the world, however authors could find no such study for Bosnian labor market. Authors conducted an empirical study using a questionnaire as an instrument. The questionnaire consisted of four parts, 50 questions, dealing with three main concepts mentioned previously, in addition to demographic data. The data was collected from employees of BH Telecom, a leading telecommunications company in Bosnia and Herzegovina. A total of 286 complete responses were analyzed. Regarding work engagement, using the Kruskal-Wallis test, we found that there is a significant statistical difference in the average age between the respondents on different management levels. Regarding job autonomy, we conducted Kolmogorov-Smirnov test; it is the only variable that follows a normal distribution. Using the ANOVA test we found that this variable has a mean of 39.69, and a standard deviation of 11.72. We conclude that there is a relevant statistical difference in the mean values on the job autonomy scale for respondents working on different positions within the company. We analyzed five transformational leadership subscales and found that they are not following a normal distribution. The Kruskal-Wallis test concluded that for four out of five subscales there was no relevant statistical difference in mean values on the different subscales between respondents working in different positions within the company. A regression model was formulated to quantify the influence of the five subscales of transformational leadership and job autonomy, as independent variables, on work engagement as the dependent variable. According to the given data, statistically relevant independent variables for the prediction of work engagement as a dependent variable are: inspirational motivation and idealized influence attributed (charisma attributed) from the field of transformational leadership followed by job autonomy.
Keywords: transformational leadership, job autonomy, work engagement, labor market
JEL Classification: M5, D9
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