The Gender Aspect of Immigrants' Assimilation in Europe

39 Pages Posted: 7 Dec 2020 Last revised: 19 May 2022

See all articles by Taehoon Lee

Taehoon Lee

The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID)

Giovanni Peri

University of California, Davis - Department of Economics

Martina Viarengo

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID); Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

Abstract

The labor market performance of immigrants relative to natives has been widely studied but its gender dimension has been relatively neglected. Our paper aims at revisiting labor market convergence between immigrants and natives and examining this under-studied dimension in a comprehensive study of the EU-15 countries and Switzerland over the period 1999-2018. We measure convergence of labor market outcomes for male and female migrants to similar natives before and after the Great Recession and across countries of destination. Our results show that in most countries female migrants start with a larger employment gap but converge more rapidly than male migrants do. We also provide a broad overview of the role of potential factors such as economic conditions, labor markets structure, institutions and attitudes towards immigrants and women and their association with employment convergence of all immigrants and female immigrants specifically. While the analysis provides an interesting insight, we do not identify very significant factors at the national level. We find a very strong correlation between attitudes towards immigrants and their employment convergence across sub-national regions.

Keywords: international migration, labor market integration, gender gaps

JEL Classification: J61, J00, J16

Suggested Citation

Lee, Taehoon and Peri, Giovanni and Viarengo, Martina, The Gender Aspect of Immigrants' Assimilation in Europe. IZA Discussion Paper No. 13922, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3743146

Taehoon Lee (Contact Author)

The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID)

Chemin Eugène-Rigot 2
Geneva, 1202
Switzerland

Giovanni Peri

University of California, Davis - Department of Economics ( email )

One Shields Drive
Davis, CA 95616-8578
United States
530-752-3033 (Phone)
530-752-9382 (Fax)

Martina Viarengo

Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) ( email )

Maison de la paix
Chemin Eugène-Rigot 2
Geneva, 1202
Switzerland

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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