The Exact Configuration of Multidimensional Poverty, Inequality and Polarization in Cameroon After the Completion Point of the HIPC Initiative

Posted: 19 Feb 2021

See all articles by Charlie Y. Ngoudji

Charlie Y. Ngoudji

affiliation not provided to SSRN; University of La Laguna - CEDESOG

Paul Ningaye

University of Dschang

Achille Stéphane Hyefouais

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: 2016

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyze multidimensional poverty, inequality and polarization and show how these later reduce non-monetary well-being in Cameroon after the completion point of the HIPC initiative. A composite well-being indicator is built throw the MCA with ECAM3 data to capture multidimensional aspect of poverty, inequality and polarization. The well-known FGT index is then used to analyze poverty. To analyze Inequality, standard measures such as S-Gini index, Theil index and the Coefficient of Variation are used and Shapley decomposition framework is applied. The Duclos-Esteban-Ray index is used to analyze polarization while Bipolarization is captured by the Foster-Wolfson index.

As a whole, the results clearly show that the unique monetary element is insufficient to highlight all the shortages which characterize poverty, inequality and polarization in Cameroon. Multidimensional poverty, inequality and polarization came to be more widespread than their monetary aspects in the country and are very pronounced in rural area, particularly in the northern part. They are also associated to female gender and old age. Policies to mitigate these phenomena should be oriented towards the endowment of infrastructures in rural zones and the amelioration of accommodation facilities in the urban zones. Also, they should improve retirement conditions so that, retired people would ameliorate their living standards and encourage rural women flowering.

Keywords: Multidimensional, Poverty, Inequality, Polarization, Bipolarization, HIPC Initiative, MCA, Composite Indicator.

Suggested Citation

Ngoudji Tameko, Charlie Yves and Ngoudji Tameko, Charlie Yves and Ningaye, Paul and Hyefouais Ngniodem, Achille Stéphane, The Exact Configuration of Multidimensional Poverty, Inequality and Polarization in Cameroon After the Completion Point of the HIPC Initiative (2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3743240 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3743240

Charlie Yves Ngoudji Tameko (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

University of La Laguna - CEDESOG ( email )

Spain
659901813 (Phone)

Paul Ningaye

University of Dschang ( email )

Dschang
Dschang
West 96
Cameroon

Achille Stéphane Hyefouais Ngniodem

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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