'I’ll call my Union', said the driver - Collective bargaining of Gig Workers under EU Competition Rules
37 Pages Posted: 7 Dec 2020
Date Written: December 7, 2020
This article seeks to contribute to the current debate on the assessment of collective bargaining for self-employed service providers in the gig economy (“gig workers”) under EU competition law. In order to identify possibilities for EU competition policy makers and courts to accommodate collective bargaining of gig workers, we look for inspiration in general EU law, tax and social security law, as well as US antitrust law. We identify and discuss the advantages and drawbacks of four options that would allow for collective bargaining of gig workers under EU competition law: (i) classifying gig workers as employees, (ii) analysing collective bargaining agreements as “by effect” restrictions of competition under Article 101 (1) TFEU, (iii) carving a legitimate objective exception for collective bargaining of gig workers, and (iv) encouraging Member States to enact laws that explicitly allow for collective bargaining in certain gig economy sectors.
Keywords: EU competition law, gig workers, collective bargaining, EU law, EU tax law, EU social security law
JEL Classification: K21, K34, K39, J50
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation