Tiebout Sorting and Toxic Releases

50 Pages Posted: 11 Feb 2021 Last revised: 10 Jul 2022

See all articles by Dakshina G. De Silva

Dakshina G. De Silva

Department of Economics, Lancaster University Management School

Anita R. Schiller

Department of Economics - Lancaster University Management School

Aurélie Slechten

Lancaster University

Leonard Wolk

VU University Amsterdam

Date Written: July 8, 2022

Abstract

Combining detailed county-to-county migration data with Toxic Release Inventory data, and fine-scale PM2.5 concentration estimates, we investigate the relationship between internal migration in the US, income of migrant and non-migrant households, and county-level differences in environmental quality. We find that differences in pollution between home and destination counties matter for households' moving decisions. We also show that households moving to "cleaner" counties are relatively "richer". We interpret those results as evidence of pollution-driven sorting by income in the spirit of Tiebout (1956). As a result, migration could contribute to disparities in pollution exposure by reshaping the socio-demographic distribution of counties.

Keywords: Migration, Toxic Release Inventory, Air Quality, Income Sorting

JEL Classification: Q53, Q56, R23

Suggested Citation

De Silva, Dakshina G. and Schiller, Anita R. and Slechten, Aurélie and Wolk, Leonard, Tiebout Sorting and Toxic Releases (July 8, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3744226 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3744226

Dakshina G. De Silva (Contact Author)

Department of Economics, Lancaster University Management School ( email )

Lancaster LA1 4YX
United Kingdom

Anita R. Schiller

Department of Economics - Lancaster University Management School ( email )

Lancaster, LA1 4YX
United Kingdom

Aurélie Slechten

Lancaster University ( email )

Lancaster LA1 4YX
United Kingdom

Leonard Wolk

VU University Amsterdam ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, 1081HV
Netherlands

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