The Issues of Cultural Hierarchies in Early Modern Ethnography Based on the Accounts by Petrus Petrejus, Paul Rycaut, Fynes Moryson, and John Davies

37 Pages Posted: 14 Dec 2020

See all articles by Sergey Baigushev

Sergey Baigushev

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Evgeny Khvalkov

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Alena Kuznetsova

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Feliks Levin

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Nikita Malinovskiy

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Gleb Paramonov

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Adrian Selin

Faculty of History, St. Petersburg Brunch

Aleksandra Shisterova

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Yulia Zakrzhevskaia

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Daria Zubkova

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow)

Date Written: December 10, 2020

Abstract

This paper is focused on the issues of cultural hierarchies in early modern European imperial discourses in all-European discourse about Muscovy and Ottoman Empire and English discourse about Ireland, which have not been previously compared, in the narratives by Petrus Petreus, Paul Rycaut, Fynes Moryson and John Davies. The authors of the article have analyzed mechanisms of building the cultural hierarchies and compares different traditions of ethnographical descriptions with each other.
The authors under consideration not only create cultural hierarchies, but also instrumentalize the image of the Other to some extent. They focus on government, laws, religion and manners. The choice of these aspects aims to highlight problems important not for (or not only for) the Other, but for authors` societies themselves. The fact that most accounts describe relative barbarians rather than absolute also can be a consequence of such instrumentalization, because comparison between “us” and the Other becomes important.

Keywords: Early Modern Period, XVIth – XVIIth centuries, the Other, discourse, description strategies, Europe, periphery, Ireland, the Tsardom of Moscow, the Ottoman Empire, early modern ethnography.

JEL Classification: Z19

Suggested Citation

Baigushev, Sergey and Khvalkov, Evgeny and Kuznetsova, Alena and Levin, Feliks and Malinovskiy, Nikita and Paramonov, Gleb and Selin, Adrian and Shisterova, Aleksandra and Zakrzhevskaia, Yulia and Zubkova, Daria, The Issues of Cultural Hierarchies in Early Modern Ethnography Based on the Accounts by Petrus Petrejus, Paul Rycaut, Fynes Moryson, and John Davies (December 10, 2020). Higher School of Economics Research Paper No. WP BRP 197/HUM/2020, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3746298 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3746298

Sergey Baigushev

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Evgeny Khvalkov

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Alena Kuznetsova

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Feliks Levin (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Nikita Malinovskiy

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Gleb Paramonov

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Adrian Selin

Faculty of History, St. Petersburg Brunch ( email )

Sojuza Pechatnikov street 16
St.Petersburg, Sanct-Petersburg 119017
Russia
+79111227927 (Phone)

Aleksandra Shisterova

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Yulia Zakrzhevskaia

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Daria Zubkova

National Research University Higher School of Economics (Moscow) ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
52
Abstract Views
499
Rank
714,958
PlumX Metrics