Polarized Corporate Boards
60 Pages Posted: 29 Jan 2021 Last revised: 27 Jan 2022
Date Written: January 26, 2022
We show that political polarization among directors negatively impacts corporate board effectiveness by reducing the CEO forced turnover-performance sensitivity. Our results are more pronounced in presidential election years and for firms with more monitoring and advising needs. Polarization also increases the departure likelihood for directors who are ideologically distant from the rest of the board, making boards more politically homogeneous over time. Finally, we show that polarization in the boardroom lowers firms’ investment-Q sensitivity and environmental performance. Our findings highlight the real economic cost of political polarization.
Keywords: Political polarization, Board of directors, CEO turnover, Corporate policy
JEL Classification: P16, G30
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation