The Making and Consolidation of the First National Trademark System: Diffusion of Trademarks across Spanish Regions (1850–1920)

Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography: 20.60, Utrecht University

30 Pages Posted: 27 Feb 2021

See all articles by Patricio Sáiz

Patricio Sáiz

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid

José L. Zofío

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid; Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

Date Written: June 15, 2020

Abstract

This article studies the creation and consolidation of a trademark system tantamount to market integration and commercial specialization of Spanish regions from 1850 to 1920. We analyze the first 47,000 registrations, their geographical distribution, and the drivers behind this trademark expansion. By using a lineal probability model, we find knowledge spillovers across regions are associated with their relative trademark specialization and diversification. We incorporate the role played by transport infrastructure by calculating generalized transport costs. Our results clarify the origins and evolution of geographical differences in commercial innovation and regional specialization in the first country to institute modern trademark legislation.

Keywords: Trademarks/Branding, Specialization/Diversification, Generalized Transport Costs, Regional History, Markets, Spain

JEL Classification: N93, O34, C25, R12

Suggested Citation

Sáiz, Patricio and Zofío, Jose L., The Making and Consolidation of the First National Trademark System: Diffusion of Trademarks across Spanish Regions (1850–1920) (June 15, 2020). Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography: 20.60, Utrecht University, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3750069 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3750069

Patricio Sáiz (Contact Author)

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid ( email )

Campus Cantoblanco
Madrid, Madrid 28049
Spain

Jose L. Zofío

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid ( email )

Francisco Tomás y Valiente, 5
Madrid, Madrid 28049
Spain
914972406 (Phone)

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

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