Globalization and Female Empowerment: Evidence from Myanmar

56 Pages Posted: 23 Dec 2020

See all articles by Teresa Molina

Teresa Molina

University of Hawaii at Manoa

Mari Tanaka

Hitotsubashi University, Graduate School of Economics

Abstract

This paper examines whether globalization promotes female empowerment by improving the jobs available to women. Previous work has documented that exporting causally improved working conditions at predominantly female garment factories in Myanmar. In this study, restricting to garment factory neighborhoods, we find that women living near exporting factories are significantly more likely to be working, have lower tolerance of domestic violence, and are less likely to be victims of domestic violence. Using distance to the international airport as an instrument for proximity to an exporting factory, we find similar results: higher employment rates, lower tolerance of domestic violence, and a decrease in the experience of physical violence.

JEL Classification: J12, F66

Suggested Citation

Molina, Teresa and Tanaka, Mari, Globalization and Female Empowerment: Evidence from Myanmar. IZA Discussion Paper No. 13957, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3751850

Teresa Molina (Contact Author)

University of Hawaii at Manoa ( email )

2500 Campus Road
Honolulu, HI NA 96822
United States

Mari Tanaka

Hitotsubashi University, Graduate School of Economics ( email )

Naka 2-1
Kunitachi, Tokyo 186-8601
Japan

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