Philippine Defense Budget 2010-2020: Meeting the Challenge of Military Modernization
ASOG Working Paper 21-001
42 Pages Posted: 13 Jan 2021 Last revised: 10 Mar 2021
Date Written: December 1, 2020
The Republic Act (R.A.) 10349, otherwise known as the Revised Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) Modernization Program, is a recapturing of the AFP’s initial efforts at modernizing. Successor to R.A. 7898, the document reorients the priorities and the fiscal responsibilities of the Philippine government in ensuring the modernization of the armed forces into the 21st century. The concept of modernization 25 years onward has matured but it has barely deepened much to the detriment of AFP itself. Despite warnings of external security threats, the study has found nominal evidence hinting at the defense budget’s continuous prioritization of internal security threats. The study has likewise found nominal indicators that modernization funds set forth by R.A. 10349 are not utilized to ‘modernize’ the armed forces in the truest sense of the word. The study recommends addressing these issues of prioritization before any further attempt at military modernization.
Keywords: Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), modernization, Republic Act 10349, defense budget, Duterte administration
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